Rules to parts of the Golf Course

Parts of the Golf Course

The Golf Course is divided into different parts with different levels of difficulty.  The basic parts are:  The Tee-box, the Fairway, and the green.

Your aim in the tee box is to get your ball as close to the green as possible or in the fairway.  From the fairway, you hit your ball towards the green and putt into the Hole.

Unfortunately, the ball often chooses a more roundabout way to get there. So on occasion, you may find yourself in “uncharted territory”.

Some parts of the course have their own rules, like hazards.

Tee box or teeing ground

The Tee Shot is the first shot you take from a closely mown flat area, often on a mount. Each hole has more than one tee box. The color of the markers on the tee box indicate which one you’re playing from.You can tee up your ball anywhere between the 2 markers and up to 2 club lengths behind them (you can be standing outside this area).


A stretch of closely mowed grass that extends, often in patches, from the tee to the green. Hitting your ball from the fairway is easier, because there’s no long grass to interfere with your shot. The clubs called FAIRWAY WOODS are used for long shots off the fairway.  Fairway woods include the Two (rarely used today), Three, Four and Five-woods. A curve in the fairway is called a dog leg left or right.

Colored markers indicate the distance you have left to get to the green. At Moree we have the yellow pegs indicating 150 metres and red markers to indicate the 100 metres.


Putting surface with ultra short grass that surrounds the hole. Greens vary greatly in size and undulation. “Reading the green” is a real art which means figuring out which way the ball will turn on the slopes, breaking away from or towards the cup. The type of grass used, the time of day and the presence of water around the green will all have an inpact on your line of putting.

Once your ball is on the green, remove the flag stick before playing your next shot. Otherwise letting your ball hit the pin will cost you a 2-stroke penalty. Some courses will use different colored flags to indicate whether the hole is in the front, middle or back of the green.


The parts of the golf course that are surrounding the fairways, the grass is kept higher and is less groomed than on the fairway or green. The rough is harder to play from, because the longer grass gets caught between the club face and the ball.

In “deep” rough, it is recommended to use a higher lofted club to get out of it, even if that means giving up some distance.


The Hazards make Golf a challenging game by inserting difficult obstacles, Water hazards, Bunkers or Sand traps. The hazards are the most feared parts of the golf course because they add strokes to your score.

  • Water hazard: marked by Yellow Stakes – is a body of water situated between you and the green. In other words, your ball has to cross the water to get to the green. If your ball end up in a water hazard, you can either.
    • replay the shot from its last position or
    • drop the ball as far back as you like on the line that extends from the pin through the point where your ball crossed in to the water.
    • in both cases, a penalty stroke is added.
  • Lateral water hazard: marked by red stakes – is a body of water that borders the hole you are playing. In other words, your ball does not cross the water to get to the hole. If your ball ends up in a lateral water hazard, you can either.
    • Replay the shot from its last position or
    • drop the ball within 2 club-lengths (but not nearer the hole) of the point where the ball last crossed the hazard or
    • drop the ball within 2 club-lengths of a point on the opposite side of the hazard at an equal distance from the hole.
  • Again a penalty stroke is added in all cases.
  • Fairway bunker: is not marked by stakes. It is an indentation or pit in the fairway, filled with sand. No penalty strokes are added to the score.
  • Greenside bunker: sand trap in the immediate surrounding of the green. Playing from this hazard requires a sand wedge and a different set up.

The same rule applies for shots from all hazards: you can not set down your club behind the ball before taking the shot. Grounding the club in a hazard would be considered “testing the conditions” and therefore incur a 2-stroke penalty.

Out of Bounds

It is necessary for the Committee to introduce a Local Rule clarifying the boundaries of our Golf Course. The boundaries of the Moree golf course are marked by white stakes.

“Out of Bounds” (Rule 27-1)

The penalty for hitting out of bounds is “stroke and distance”, which means you need to replay your shot from the same spot and add a penalty stroke.

Ground Under Repair

This includes any part of the course so marked by order of the Committee deeming parts of the golf course not fit for play. When a bunker has to be reworked, the sprinkler system needs fixing or part of the fairway is being restored, the area will be marked by a GUR sign.

(Rule 25-1) All areas encircled by white lines are ground under repair.

A ball that ends up in ground under repair can be dropped outside the marked area no nearer the hole and without penalty.


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